There is one God or divine essence. The Arminian movement attempted to overthrow the work of the sovereign Spirit by introducing a more refined synergism between man’s will and God’s will in salvation. The grand security for the perseverance of the saints is the leading of the Spirit. 6:11). The symbolic dove demonstrated the resting of the Spirit upon Him for the task (Isaiah 11:2). Understand the nature (the deity and personality) of the Holy Spirit. The disciple will understand that the Holy Spirit is a person related to the godhead—He is God. In terms of the coming of the Messiah, the forerunner, John the Baptist, was filled with the Spirit even from his mother’s womb (Luke 1:15-17). In believers Paul notes that the Spirit is the Spirit of Grace (Heb. THE DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE CAPPADOCIAN FATHERS T HE Council of the ‘318’ fathers at Nicaea defined their belief in the Holy Spirit as simply that: Καὶ εἰς τὸ ἅγιον πνεῦμα. Romans 7 gives Christians a glimpse into the real struggle in which every believer fights against sin. The Spirit enables regenerated Christians to discern good from evil, or sin from holiness. It is most helpful, then, to define the Spirit and arrive at the definition than to define “person” and suit the Scriptures to a man-made definition. Understand the nature (the deity and personality) of the Holy Spirit. 2) His distinction from the Father and the Son, and His mission from both, prove His personality (John 15:26). The orthodox on this motion preaches that the Holy Spirit is Divine and so the Son is non Divine of Vice Versa. Hebrews 9:14 states, “how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” The Son of God, moved and animated by the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot or blemish as an atoning sacrifice. 5. This work on the Holy Spirit, while not the easiest read, is very helpful. It is not until Augustine that we have a more biblical and exegetical understanding of salvation and election, and the application of this by the Holy Spirit. 8:11). But it has no power, without the Holy Ghost, to work the righteousness of God, that is, spiritual righteousness; since the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God, 1 Cor. In terms of the historical nature of the Spirit’s work, the early fathers often did not set forth the best theology. He … The people who were already confused started to disbelief the Doctrine and the Holy Spirit and one Bishop from Constantinople claimed that the Spirit is so a animal made subsidiary to the Son. Here the Spirit aids the Christian in expounding Scripture in order to apply that Scripture to the Christian’s life and further grow in the mystical union he now has with Christ (1 Cor. The disciple will understand that his relationship with the Holy Spirit is crucial for his superior walk in this present time. The word pneumatology comes from the two Greek words, pneuma, meaning spirit, and logos, meaning doctrine. In the work of sanctification it is important to note the work of Christ for the Christian in comparison to the work of the Spirit in the Christian. Even Joseph is said to have the Spirit of God in him when Pharaoh commented, “Can we find such a man as this – a man in whom the Spirit of God is? Here we find the filioque clause that was debated between the Eastern and Western Church. Here is a summary of the sermon: Today, we will look at Pneumatology, the study of the Holy Spirit, to understand it deeply through 1 Corinthians 12:1-11. 3. 3:6). 4:6) and the Spirit of Him that raised up Christ from the dead (Rom 8:11). 9:20; Isa 63:11-14). One of the most neglected topics in the history of the church is the theology surrounding the Holy Spirit and His Work. He handles his subject under three divisions- he treats first the testimony to the Holy Spirit, as it is progressively revealed in Scripture. The Spirit of God, who enlightens us to hear and understand God’s Word, then takes that knowledge and guides us in living it. Believers are baptized in the Holy Spirit, indwelt by him, and filled. Doctrine of the Holy Spirit; Doctrine of Man; Doctrine of Sin; Doctrine of Salvation; Doctrine of the Church; Doctrine of the Last Things; Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Computer Users: Place the cursor over the title to get a description of the book, click the title to go directly to WorldCat. 3:17). Their order of subsistence is the ground and reason there are three names or designations of the Godhead – Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Thomas Boston (1676-1732), One Special Duty - Thankfulness - Thomas Manton (1620-1677), Personal Prayer Outline - by C. Matthew McMahon, Practical Godliness by Vincent Alsop (1629-1703), Recapitulation in Revelation 20:1-10 - by Dr. R. Fowler White, Seeing Jesus, The Misplaced Faith of Idolaters - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Solomon’s Folly: The Revival of Religious Syncretism in America - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Spiritual Scotoma - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Thanksgiving for Mercies Received - by John Flavel (1630–1691), The Biblical Doctrine of the Trinity - by Dr. Benjamin B. Warfield, The Compassion Of Christ To Weak Believers - by Rev. In creating a definition, it would be most helpful to give the Spirit descriptive character traits based on Scripture first. Psalm 139:7 says, “Where can I go from Your Spirit? Assess the implications of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. But it does demonstrate that from early second century writings that the Holy Spirit occupied a place of prominence in theological literature. – by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Christ - Mediator of the New Covenant for Believers - by Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Christ and God’s Eternal Purpose by Isaac Ambrose (1604-1664), Christ and His Kingdom by A.A. Hodge (1823-1886), Christ Ascended and Exalted by William S. Plumer (1802-1880), Christ Humbled Himself - by Samuel Willard (1640-1707), Christ the High Priest by Thomas Watson (1620-1686), Christ the Intercessor by Wilhelmus a Brakel (1635-1711), Christ the King by John Flavel (c. 1630-1691), Christ the Mediator - by William Whitaker (1548-1595), Christ the Mediator by William S. Plumer (1802-1880), Christ's Certain and Sudden Appearance to Judgment - by Thomas Vincent (1634-1678), Christ's Manifestation of Himself Unto Those Who Love Him - by Thomas Vincent (1634—1678), Confidence in Our Brethren - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Corporate Sanctification - by Dr. John Brown of Wamphray, Direction in Our Life - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Divine Spectacles - How Angels See Christians - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Easter: The Devil's Holiday - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, False Doctrines and False Teachers by William Plumer (1802-1880), God's Patience Abused - by Dr. Stephen Charnock (1628-1680), Have you Ever Considered the Lilies of the Field? The disciple will learn to make full use of His presence day by day. The much-needed Council of Constantinople convened in 381 AD and added an addendum to the Nicene Creed. Later, after Augustine’s battles with Pelagius, semi-Pelagians taught that man’s sinful nature was inherited from Adam, but was not completely corrupted. In the context we find it further noticed in a series of participial clauses, grammatically connected with the injunction. The Spirit then convicts and sanctifies the individual by purging unbelief (John 16:8). The Holy Spirit indwells the believer permanently. Be filled with the Spirit: that they are further expected to be so animated with joy as to sing and make melody in their hearts to the Lord,—to give thanks always for all things to God and the Father in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ,—and to submit themselves one to another in the fear of God (Eph. 2:10-11; Psalm 139:7; Romans 8:26; 1 Cor. Spiritual illumination of the believer is different than being carried along by the Spirit to confer a divine message. This God is a Trinity of persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit; each person distinct from the other two: the Father is not the Son nor is the Father the Holy Spirit, the Son is neither Father nor Spirit and the Spirit is neither Father nor is the Spirit the Son, yet this God remains one.” The doctrine of the Trinity then is a summary statement of Christian faith and experience. Therefore, using the Greek explanation, pneumatology is the doctrine or study of the Holy Spirit. v. 20, 21).” Amen. They believed the Holy Spirit was a creature that derived its life from Christ. The same is applied to all the individuals since in the kernel of the truth, to be true is one and the same as to be, and to be is one and the same as to be great. Then follows, I N A S ECOND D IVISION, a brief outline or sketch of the positive truth accepted by the . doctrine of the Holy Spirit beyond the other resources in this issue.6 ... A helpful summary of biblical scholarship regarding the Spirit of God prior to 188 Snook 3Anyone interested in these recurring disputes about the Spirit may want to consult a collection of essays by Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant theologians, Conflicts about the Holy Spirit, ed. The Spirit is not an impersonal “it” or simply an influence, He is the third person of the Trinity. The personal actions ascribed to Him abundantly prove his personality (John 14:26; 1 Cor. In this way we can extract a definition instead of creating one to overlay what men believe “person” should mean. Seriously he also promises rest for their souls and eternal life to all who come to him and believe.” Head 3/4:9 states, “The fact that many who are called through the ministry of the gospel do not come and are not brought to conversion must not be blamed on the gospel, nor on Christ, who is offered through the gospel, nor on God, who calls them through the gospel and even bestows various gifts on them, but on the people themselves who are called. Peter states, “for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21).” The prophetic Spirit imparted a supernatural divine illumination in virtue of what the apostles and prophets understood fully and what they were commissioned to announce on behalf of God and Christ. Lead me in the land of uprightness.” Paul the apostles quotes Psalm 116:10, “And since we have the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, “I believed and therefore I spoke,” we also believe and therefore speak (2 Cor. - A Timeline of the Bible, Why All Should be Thankful - by William Cooper, Why NT Wright is NOT Reformed - by Rev. - by Thomas Watson (1620-1686). In the New Testament the Spirit’s work is more clearly seen, but at no time was His work ever called into question. Then he declares that sanctification is so joined and knit to our grafting into Christ, that it can by no means be separated. Today, many Christians are turning back to the puritans to, “walk in the old paths,” of God’s word, and to continue to proclaim old truth that glorifies Jesus Christ. This mediaeval mysticism was a reaction against the formal, worldly and scan­dalous nature of the Roman Church. He drew a distinction between natural and moral ability so as to place the power of choice back into the hands of the sinner. - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Jan Amos Comenius - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Job's Trials and Mercies - by William Plumer (1802-1880), Lessons for the Seeker Movement - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Living Carelessly Before the Means of Grace - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Love the Lord Jesus Christ - by Thomas Brooks (1608-1680), Matters of Conscience - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Mel Gibson’s Passion Movie - Why Modern Evangelicals Don’t Have A Problem With Nestorius - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, Motives to Love Jesus by Thomas Doolittle (1630-1707), Nascars and Boils - Musing on Job's Sufferings - by Dr. C. Matthew McMahon, No Doctrine More Excellent than Christ by John Flavel (1630-1691), Of Christ's Offices - by Thomas Boston (1676-1732), Of the Holy Trinity - by Rev. The Spirit proceeds forever from the Father. Church, or the form in which the Church dogmatically holds the doctrine. He is not the spirit or the ghost of Jesus that follows Jesus. It evidenced itself in a desire for the restoration of light, life and holiness by the Holy Spirit. But who is this Spirit? 4:6; 1 Cor. This results in a Christian that is constantly becoming more and more Christ-like through the Holy Spirit’s illuminating, guiding, equipping, and empowering toward a life that reflects Christ-like character. The Western Church (of which Augustine was part) believed the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father and the Son, where the Eastern Greek Church believed He proceeded only from the Father. THE DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT INTRODUCTION During one of his missionary trips, the Apostle Paul questioned a group of Ephesian “church members” (actually, they were disciples of John the Baptist) about the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. The change of gender in John 16 to the demonstrative pronoun (eikenos) demonstrates personality when it refers to “He” all through the passage. Though they did not change their minds on the subject, the formulated creeds of Christendom teach that the Spirit proceeded from both the Father and the Son. In the very earliest literature, in the apostolic Fathers, and in the Epistle of Clemens especially, there are a host of allusions to the Holy Spirit. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit The “Personhood” of the Holy Spirit. He possesses intellect (John 14:26), will (1 Corinthians 12:11) and emotions (Ephesians 4:30). 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. As John 16:13 says, “for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.”. Many contemporary works about the Holy Spirit are focused solely on either promoting or refuting the excesses of the extreme charismatic movement, and so there is a need to examine what Scripture has to say on the subject from a different vantage point. Jesus demonstrates, emphatically, that men must be born again, or born from above, which is the work of regeneration on the heart of the wicked (John 3:3). 3:5; 1 Cor. "...search the Scriptures..." (John 5:39). 12:11). He reveals His word to His people (1 Cor. An overview of the resources for the study of categories common to Systematic I, II, and III, The Holy Spirit in Biblical Teaching, Through the Centuries, and Today, Chad Brand (Editor); Ralph Del Colle (Contribution by); H. Ray Dunning (Contribution by); Larry Hart (Contribution by); Stanley Horton (Contribution by); Walter C. Kaiser (Contribution by), John Stott; Michael S. Horton (Foreword by). As a result of the fall of man, the Spirit withdrew from him and he was then designated as “flesh” (Gen. 4:3). There is a practical point to be learned from this overview and study on the Spirit of God. The Spirit is involved throughout Paul’s writings as the action of the whole application of redemption. It is by the scope and extent of the outpouring of the Spirit that marks the difference. As such, the Holy Spirit is a person, not an “it.” For the majority of Christian denominations, the Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is the third person of the Trinity, the Triune God manifested as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, each entity itself being God. During the period of the Reformation and later, the term “grace” was used interchangeably with the phrase “the work of the Holy Spirit.” Luther debated Erasmus on this issue surrounding the work of the Spirit when Erasmus wrote his Diatribe and Luther responded with his greatest work The Bondage of the Will. The Lord Jesus taught about the nature of the Covenant when He spoke of Himself as receiving the Father’s command (John 10:18), and of the Spirit as not speaking of Himself, but glorifying Christ, and of taking of His teachings and showing them to the disciples (John 16:14). For the Christian, the Spirit is also the Spirit of prayer (Eph. x. He disposes the mind to accept truth and to know what the Scriptures contain. This effusion of the Spirit made a great change on all the powers of the apostles, whether we look at the further sanctification of their heart (since they had previously been converted) or their empowerment for service. There is no new theology. This withdrawal of the Spirit is called “spiritual death (2 Cor. Here the Holy Spirit took the place of Christ’s physical bodily presence, and instead, was sent to fill that void spiritually. Arius believed that the Spirit was simply a created forced used by God. In terms of the procession of the Spirit, He proceeds from the Father and the Son. If the Spirit is denied as a person from that text (John 14:16-17), “And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever “the Spirit of truth,” then one must also deny the personality of the Christ, which is impossible. He has done so, so we can be redeemed from sin and know what is true and right (2 Timothy 3:16). Upon this verse alone it is eminently apparent that all the saints, in any sage, were saved, filled, and walking in the Spirit in this sense or they were not of Christ in any saving sense. Trace the history of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit from the early church to the present. As John 6:63 states, “It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing.” Such a sovereign regeneration (a change of the heart from stone to beating flesh) is by the blowing will of the Spirit (John 3:1-8). Take a moment to visit Puritan Publications (click the banner below) to find the biggest selection of rare puritan works updated in modern English in both print form and in multiple electronic forms. 13:14). John 15:26 says, “whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.” The term “proceeds” signifies an ever-enduring procession. Doctrine of the Last Things Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Computer Users: Place the cursor over the title to get a description of the book, click the title to go directly to WorldCat. History of the Pentecost The Classical Pentecostal doctrine of the baptism in the Holy Spirit was first formulated at the turn of the twentieth century. The Puritan movement during the 17th century was a pristine time of theological development for the application and work of the Spirit. - by Albert N. Martin, What is The Gospel? As the humanity was assumed in the hypostatic union (the union between the flesh and the divinity of the Son of God) the person of Christ was anointed by the Spirit so far as the call to the office was concerned. Below we will use these four broad categories to outline what Wesley believed and taught about the person and work of the Holy Spirit. Yet how ignorant is the average Christian concerning matters pertaining to the Spirit. 2,14; but this righteousness is wrought in the heart when the Holy Ghost is received through the Word.” In chapter 12 of the Scottish Confession it states, “Our faith and its assurance do not proceed from flesh and blood, that is to say, from natural powers within us, but are the inspiration of the Holy Ghost; whom we confess to be God, equal with the Father and with his Son.” In point 33 of the Irish Articles it states, “All God’s elect are in their time inseparably united unto Christ by the effectual and vital influence of the Holy Ghost, derived from him as from the head unto every true member of his mystical body. However, he says that anyone who does not have the Spirit in this way is not of Christ, or not saved. The fundamental idea that the Messiah should be anointed with the Spirit and come in the power of the Spirit was consistent with what the Jews understood in that day. Abraham himself, called a prophet, had the Spirit indwelling him (Gen. 20:6). As Ephesians 4:30 says, “And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”. Computer Users: Place the cursor over the title to get a description of the book, click the title to go directly to WorldCat. It will consist of two parts. The Holy Spirit is a personal being just as the Father and the Son. Second Corinthians 3:17-18 refers to the Spirit as “the Lord.” He is just as much God as the Father or the Son and is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father and Son. 13).” With other articles (3/4:10-13) they reinforce the same and condemned the doctrines of the Arminians as pestilential heresies and errors, overthrowing the Spirit’s sovereign work. The Spirit teaches (John 14:26), guides (John 16:13), and glorifies Christ (John 16:14). 1 Doctrine of Scripture Summary God revealing himself to us means that God has communicated with us. The extraordinary gifts given to these men by the Holy Spirit would cease after the Church was founded upon the inspired Scripture. 4:13) who produces such faith by a saving call and change of the depraved heart, one of stone, into a heart of flesh that beats for God. The Spirit illuminates through His indwelling presence within the individual (John 16:16; 2 Tim. In Genesis 1:2, we find Him moving about the surface of the waters, and in Revelation 22:17, He and the bride cry with one voice. The Holy Spirit is not the ghost of Jesus as the old expression “the Holy Ghost” might lead one to mistakenly infer. In general the doctrine is supported by the names and titles of the Holy Spirit, His identification and association with God, His procession and relation to the Holy Trinity, His divine attributes, and His many divine works. Paul draws attention to the reality that Christ and the Spirit work together for the good of the church and the glory of God (2 Cor. 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