1 Principles of Educational Administration EME 202 University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Open and Distance Learning Course Series Development To this, the essence of democracy is to give importance on the dignity of every individual and assisting him to understand his self in this context this principle considers democracy as a matter of spirit, way of life and a mode of behaviour. They give a differential treatment to different students, staffs, officials and community members as per their need remaining within the jurisdiction of educational administration. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education. Seven chapters cover the following topics: (1) The system. Every society that values social justice and anxious to improve a lot of common man and cultivate all available talents, must ensure progressive equality of educational opportunity to all sections of the population. and B.El.Ed courses, Educational Administration and Management aims at helping students understand the theories and processes of this subject, and thereby become effective leaders and managers of the educational system tomorrow. But in Practice it is not happening as the educational administrators very often arbitrarily exercise discretionary powers and too narrowly apply uniform rules in one point. Besides, every individual is to be given task or assignment in accordance with his needs, requirements, abilities, aptitudes etc. TOS 7. To Ensure Adequate Utilization Of All Resources: For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial. They are to be encouraged and given the facility to devise and try out innovative ideas on instruction and to participate in service education programmes. He/She evaluates their performance and progress in achieving the purposes of the programme. THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 3 with leaders who believe in McGregor’s Theory X. p. Supervision of the work of teachers and other employees. But it is essential to mention that the functions of educational administration can be studied under two major perspectives. These are planning, organizing, directing, Coordinating and evaluation. To prepare students for taking their places in various vocations and avenues of life. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. Regular supervision of teaching and guidance of teachers help to ensure quality teaching in schools. Thus on the whole, adaptability is the capacity of an enterprise to change, to develop and to improve. Content Filtrations 6. 5. Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. For actualizing it he has to perform his duty as democratically as possible. 1. Image Guidelines 5. On the other hand, my philosophy considerably mirrors … The Educational Administration has the following nature: 1. This principle “Prudence” is closely related to intelligent economy which implies quality control. This result in the emergence of a good and effective social order by the school or educational institution as an agency of education. An institution must be able to adjust with changing situations by fulfilling the developing needs and by improving its day-to-day dealings with persons or agencies involved. Report a Violation, Top 8 Functions of Educational Administration, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. One can therefore deduce that educational management refers to the application of theory and practice of management to the field of education … Hence the educational administrators have to reduce this tendency to minimum for making justice beneficial, healthy and impartial in nature and approach as a principle of modern educational administration. Educational administration is more an art than a science. An article by Diksha Kashyap details the principles of education administration as being (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. For any administration -- business, government, educational institutions -- to function properly, the principles of management which include hierarchy, control, unity of command, delegation of authority, specialization, objectives, centralization and decentralization, must be adhered to. The process of continuous improvement n. Maintaining records and registers up to date. Because this sort of democracy seeks to make democracy more practical rather than formal. and. 3. Educational administration is similar to general administration in many ways, but it is also dissimilar to general administration in many more ways. h. Technical and professional Education including Engineering, Medical, MBA, and Computer Education. educational administration is directed towards describing, explaining, relating and predicting behaviours in social systems. Like general administration educational administration has to practice the exercise of foresight skill and vision with respect to matters concerning practical living and utility of the system of administration in future by the educational administrator. To ensure qualitative improvement of education: Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction. Fully revised and thoroughly updated, this second edition of this classic book brings together many leading international authors on educational leadership, with brand new chapters from leaders in the field Ken Leithwood, Paul Begley, Allan Walker and Alma Harris. And uniformity of rules in educational administration does not provide equality which is necessary to safeguard the individuals in another point. 6. Category:Educational administration From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Educational administration is a discipline within the study of education that examines the administrative theory and practice of education in general and educational institutions and educators in particular activities. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. For schools, this job is usually the role of a principal or assistant principal. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. 2. It means the entire picture of the society has been reflected in the school. For this greater emphasis should be given on equality of educational opportunity for the shake of accelerating the process for building up of on egalitarian human society in which the age old social exploitation will be reduced to minimum. These three characteristics are dynamic, adaptability and flexibility are especially so. b. Principle of democratic leadership 2. Educational Administration takes place at various levels such as: Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level. principles. The educational institution however must be able to achieve adaptability without creating any dislocation or disruption in its process and achievements. Let us discuss these functions one by one. This characteristic of an institution is called adaptability. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In order to keep equality of opportunity in concrete shape in the field of education, educational administration plays a vital role. As a result, equality of opportunity in educational process will be practiced by educational administration as one of its principles. The most important objective of administration is to get the work done effectively, efficiently and with satisfaction to the individuals and benefits to the society. Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. The Master of Education in Educational Management degree program is rare. There are countless texts on the principles of education administration and there are entire graduate programs dedicated to the subject. This objective also implies quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of education. This is a particular focus on problems cited in modules 6 and 7 with an emphasis on the issue of "Women in Management." Educational administration doesn’t refer to any single process rather different processes or aspects constitute administration. To organize co-curricular activities effectively for developing talents of students and work efficiency of educational teachers. Stability, however, is called as prudential check on the change which retains good in the old and gives up bad in the new. In this regard and educational administrator will be a fittest one who can manage autocracy as and when necessary to achieve the goals of an educational programme. Every administration has a hierarchy that is often represented as a pyramid. While I create an approachable atmosphere with a low power distance, Theory X leadership philosophy centers on a traditional boss who issues orders and prods activities rather than motivating workers (Owens & Valesky, 2015). Copyright 10. An institution must have these three characteristics in order to be able to achieve its objectives adequately and to give due regard to all persons concerned in some way or other. The principle of uniformity is not to be practiced and maintained in the field of educational administration as equality does not refer to uniformity. Generally speaking justice refers to provide every individual his due in the society by honoring his individuality. 1. 1. Basic principles of educational administration are. Here in this blog, let’s have a discussion on 3 basic principles of educational administration and management: 1. Elementary treatment of administration and educational administration from historical perspective, Administration is one of the most of all human endeavors. To provide proper education to students: This objective seeks to mention the fact that good education doesn’t mean education at a very high cost as is practiced in modern public schools. So the purpose of doing such vital task is to fulfill different purposes which are known as the objectives of educational administration. Principles of Administration • For any administration--business, government, educational institutions--to function properly, the principles of management which include hierarchy, control, unity of command, delegation of authority, specialization, objectives, centralization and decentralization must be … The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill. The effective leader is visionary, collaborative and passionate about … Hence, all these three qualities of adaptability, flexibility and stability are complementary to each other. Theories are s ets of statements understandable to others, which make In the process of achieving its educational objectives, it has to deal differently with different human beings like teachers, parents and the public at large, who are affected in one way or other by the process or its products. In this context, the reasons for existence of inequalities of educational opportunities cited by the Education Commission (1964-66) can be highlighted which must be stressed in the field of educational administration. It implies “the exercise of control” in democracy. This meaning of justice is the essence of democracy. Like general administration, educational administration seeks to maintain and improve the relations with the community. d. Higher Secondary or Post secondary Education and. organization and. In order to simplify it we can be said here that proper management of a programme needs various aspects that are regarded as the functions of administration. Principle of scientific methods 4. 9. This property is named as stability. For example a school or an educational institution is regarded as the society in miniature or a small society. Image Guidelines 5. Functions of Educational Administration Planning, organization, direction, motivation, control, co-ordination, decision making and the last one is reporting. It covers all forms of education such as: b. Non-formal Education and Adult Education. 8. In this light, it should be the function of the educational administrator to achieve it for which he may take the view of the students, consult with the staffs, specialists, expects and community members before taking any decision. g. Coordinating by efforts of people to achieve the purpose. This tendency is called flexibility. (а) In equal distribution of educational institutions through out the country. Privacy Policy 8. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. administration in view of principles discussed in the previous seven modules of the study guide. d. Assigning duties and responsibilities to the staff members. In this context, it can be visualized that educational administration should aim at developing a desire for hard work, dedication and commitment for their job among teachers. in educational leadership or administration. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. He/She motivates them and co- ordinates the efforts of teachers as well as directs and exercises control over them. Most schools offer a M.Ed. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. The heads of departments in organizations … The human resources include pupils, teachers, supervisors, administrators and parents. i. 2. This principle of educational administration gives priority on the practical aspect of democracy as a way of life and form of governance. Plagiarism Prevention 4. 2. Book description Educational Administration and Management is a comprehensive textbook for students pursuing B.Ed. A vice principal may be responsible for conducting teacher evaluations. In the field of educational administration, the educational authority as the administrative authority exercises its functions in relation to the above mentioned aspects. Those who are good sociable, democratic competent and welfare oriented educational administrators liberty is granted for them. 1- principle of democratic leadership. Keeping this in view it is the task and responsibility of an educational administrator to focus on day to day happenings in relation to democratic society in educational perspective that are relevant in wider extent. 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