The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Yucca filamentosa is a native species and can be found in several states in the United States. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Dry garden areas. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Flora of North America. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. Borders. Its striking texture will draw attention. Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. Also may be grown in large containers. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. Brown. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. 1753. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. Treatment Author(s) The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Pl., 1: 319. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. General Comments: Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. Dry slopes. Britton, N.L., and A. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. Entry From. The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. 1753. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: Adds architectural height. 3 vols. Tolerant of poor, sandy soils, heat, drought, and salt spray. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Family: Agavaeae. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Yucca filamentosa var. They range from relatively small, trunkless species to tall, branched trees. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. bracteata Engelm. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). Purpose. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Surprising tolerance for some part shade. Suitable for seaside gardens or areas which receive road salt runoff. Yucca filamentosa . Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Yucca filamentosa var. 1913. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. NATIVE INFO Native Range. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Deer tend to avoid this plant. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. Yucca filamentosa. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. [12][13] ‘Color Guard’, with broad yellow stripes all year plus red stripes in the winter, has also won the award. This unique relationship is … Yucca filamentosa is native to south-central and south-eastern United States, from the great plains to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC Plants stay small, growing no more than about 3 feet tall. In … Yucca filamentosa var. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. No serious insect or disease problems. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Resource Type. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. Interesting Facts. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Moisture: Average to dry (Drought Tolerant) High Salt Tolerance. Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. 1). Summary Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. Reference Sources. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. Compost is recommended when planting. [4], Its common names include Adam's needle, common yucca, Spanish bayonet,[5] bear-grass, needle-palm, silk-grass, and spoon-leaf yucca. [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. 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